Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Metabolic flux analysis is often (not to say almost always) faced with system underdeterminacy. Indeed, the linear algebraic system formed by the steady-state mass balance equations around the intracellular metabolites and the equality constraints related to the measurements of extracellular fluxes do not define a unique solution for the distribution of intracellular fluxes, but instead a set of solutions belonging to a convex polytope. Various methods have been proposed to tackle this underdeterminacy, including flux pathway analysis, flux balance analysis, flux variability analysis and sampling. These approaches are reviewed in this article and a toy example supports the discussion with illustrative numerical results.