Résumé : Nuclear molecules control the functional properties of the chromatin fiber by shaping its morphological properties. The biophysical mechanisms controlling how bridging molecules compactify chromatin are a matter of debate. On the one side, bridging molecules could cross-link faraway sites and fold the fiber through the formation of loops. Interacting bridging molecules could also mediate long-range attractions by first tagging different locations of the fiber and then undergoing microphase separation. Using a coarse-grained model and Monte Carlo simulations, we study the conditions leading to compact configurations both for interacting and noninteracting bridging molecules. In the second case, we report on an unfolding transition at high densities of the bridging molecules. We clarify how this transition, which disappears for interacting bridging molecules, is universal and controlled by entropic terms. In general, chains are more compact in the case of interacting bridging molecules because interactions are not valence limited. However, this result is conditional on the ability of our simulation methodology to relax the system toward its ground state. In particular, we clarify how, unless using reaction dynamics that change the length of a loop in a single step, the system is prone to remain trapped in metastable, compact configurations featuring long loops.