Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Although past research has stressed the importance of creativity in multicultural groups, few studies have explored the individual factors that can facilitate collective creative performance in such contexts. In two studies we investigated the effect of cultural self-efficacy on creative performance in bicultural dyads. In a first study (N = 110, 55 dyads), we found a positive correlation between individuals’ level of cultural self-efficacy and their joint creative output in bicultural dyads. In a second study (N = 104), we manipulated study participants’ cultural self-efficacy prior to an online brainstorming session either with someone from a different culture, or with someone from their own culture. Results revealed that the cultural self-efficacy manipulation positively affected the individual creativity of participants when participants believed that they were brainstorming ideas with someone from a different culture. Our findings suggest that cultural self-efficacy is an important facilitator of creativity when working with people with a different cultural background. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.