par Brau, Fabian ;De Wit, Anne
Référence The Journal of Chemical Physics, 152, 5, 054716
Publication Publié, 2020-02-01
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : In the presence of advection at a constant flow rate in a rectilinear geometry, the properties of planar A + B → C reaction fronts feature the same temporal scalings as in the pure reaction-diffusion case. In a radial injection geometry where A is injected into B radially at a constant flow rate Q, temporal scalings are conserved, but the related coefficients depend on the injection flow rate Q and on the ratio γ of initial concentrations of the reactants. We show here that this dependence of the front properties on the radial velocity allows us to tune the amount of product obtained in the course of time by varying the flow rate. We compare theoretically the efficiency of the rectilinear and radial geometries by computing the amount of product C generated in the course of time or per volume of reactant injected. We show that a curve γc(Q) can be defined in the parameter space (γ, Q) below which, for similar experimental conditions, the total amount of C is larger in the radial case. In addition, another curve γ*(Q) < γc(Q) can be defined such that for γ < γ*, the total amount of C produced is larger in the radial geometry, even if the production of C per unit area of the contact interface between the two reactants is larger in the rectilinear case. This comes from the fact that the length of the contact zone increases with the radius in the radial case, which allows us to produce in fine more product C for a same injected volume of reactant or in reactors of a same volume than in the rectilinear case. These results pave the way to the geometrical optimization of the properties of chemical fronts.