Travail de recherche/Working paper
Résumé : We propose a new class of estimators for semiparametric VARMA models with the innovation density playing the role of nuisance parameter. Our estimators are R-estimators based on the multivariate concepts of center-outward ranks and signs recently proposed by Hallin~(2017). We show how these concepts, combined with Le Cam's asymptotic theory of statistical experiments, yield a robust yet flexible and powerful class of estimation procedures for multivariate time series. We develop the relevant asymptotic theory of our R-estimators, establishing their root-n consistency and asymptotic normality under a broad class of innovation densities including, e.g., multimodal mixtures of Gaussians or and multivariate skew-t distributions. An implementation algorithm is provided in the supplementary material, available online. A Monte Carlo study compares our R-estimators with the routinely-applied Gaussian quasi-likelihood ones; the latter appear to be quite significantly outperformed away from elliptical innovations. Numerical results also provide evidence of considerable robustness gains. Two real data examples conclude the paper.