Résumé : In recent years, shape-memory polymers (SMPs) have gained a key position in the realm of actuating applications from daily life products to biomedical and aeronautic devices. Most of these SMPs rely mainly on shape changes upon direct heat exposure or after stimulus conversion (e.g., magnetic field and light) to heat, but this concept remains significantly limited when both remote control and fine actuation are demanded. In the present study, we propose to design plasmonic silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) grafted onto cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) as an efficient plasmonic system for fast and remote actuation. Such CNC-g-AgNPs "nanorod-like" structures thereby allowed for a long-distance and strong coupling plasmonic effect between the AgNPs along the CNC axis, thus ensuring a fast photothermal shape-recovery effect upon IR light illumination. To demonstrate the fast and remote actuation promoted by these structures, we incorporated them at low loading (1 wt %) into poly(ϵ-caprolactone) (PCL)-based networks with shape-memory properties. These polymer matrix networks were practically designed from biocompatible PCL oligomers end-functionalized with maleimide and furan moieties in the melt on the basis of thermoreversible Diels-Alder reactions. The as-produced materials could find application in the realm of soft robotics for remote object transportation or as smart biomaterials such as self-tightening knots with antibacterial properties related to the presence of the AgNPs.