Résumé : The recent developments in anti-angiogenic and immunomodulatory drugs show that the tumour micro-environment (TME) becomes increasingly important in cancer research. Here we investigated the correlation between the Gleason score (GS) and the TME by comparing tissue expression profiles of steroid hormone receptors, cancer activated fibroblast (CAF) markers and vessel densities between different GS groups. Therefore, matched patient cohorts were composed for different GS (6-7-8). Tissue micro-arrays with 6 samples/patient were processed for immunohistochemistry. Stained slides were digitised, stroma and epithelium were selectively annotated, and all selected areas were quantitatively analysed for marker expression. The most striking findings were decreased stromal expression levels of several steroid hormone receptors, increased CAF-phenotypes and increased vessel densities in high GS prostate cancer compared to low GS prostate cancer and paired prostate non-tumour tissue. The present data reveal a complex correlation between prostate cancer differentiation and TME components and suggest that different GS can be associated with different possible actionable targets in the TME. The use of standardised digital image analysis tools generated robust and reproducible quantitative data, which is novel and more informative compared to the classic semi-quantitative and observer-dependent visual scoring of immunohistochemistry.