Résumé : 4,4'-Di-isothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS), an inhibitor of several anionic channels and transporters including the band 3 protein of the red blood cell membrane was tested on iodide metabolism in cultured porcine thyroid cells. We used three experimental cell culture models: (i) forskolin-stimulated correctly inside-in polarized follicle-associated thyroid cells cultured onto plastic support (ii) suspensions of isolated cells derived from such cultures (iii) polarized monolayers in bicameral chambers. DIDS was observed to increase free-iodide trapping in all conditions. Organification of iodide by follicle-associated cell cultures incubated for 6 h decreased as a function of DIDS concentration with an IC50 of 5 x 10-5 M. This block in organification is accounted for a block in thyroperoxidase activity as in vitro both purified lactoperoxidase and purified porcine thyroperoxidase were inhibited by DIDS with a similar dose-dependency the IC50 being also of 5 x 10-5 M. Both control and DIDS-treated cells in suspension, actively trapped iodide and reached a steady concentration in about 50 min; however the plateau was 4.4-fold higher in (10-3 M) DIDS-treated cells. Acute TSH-stimulation at this plateau of 125I-preloaded cells in suspension in the presence of 2 mM methimazole (MMI) induced a fast release of iodide from these cells as expected (first step of the TSH-biphasic effect). This TSH-induced iodide efflux was however completely inhibited by DIDS (10-3 M). Furthermore, addition of DIDS to the apical compartment of TSH-prestimulated cell monolayers in bicameral chambers resulted in an increase in intracellular-iodide concentration and in an inhibition of iodide efflux into the apical medium. Taken together, the present results demonstrate that DIDS mainly interacts with two main components of the thyroid apical cell membrane: thyroperoxidase and a cAMP-sensitive iodide channel.