par Leloutre, Gery
Référence Bruxelles Patrimoines, 22-23, page (114-129)
Publication Publié, 2017-09
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : At the end of the Second World War, the municipalities to the west and north of the city of Brussels, were only very partially impacted by the urbanisation associated with the growth of the capital. Nevertheless, these same municipalities were extensively covered by building alignment plans, which the municipalities themselves had prepared.Everything was therefore in place for development of the Brussels urban area to occur organically via spacious residential neighbourhoods.However, in the immediate aftermath of the war, conditions radically changed. Firstly, the legal framework for controlling the urbanisation process was completely reformed, with the focus no longer on alignments but instead on functional planning via zoning and determining exact size for constructions. This framework encouraged the municipalities to revise the form to be given to their future development and contributed to the widespread use of the green city model, with buildings freely located within park settings. Secondly, the involvement of private actors in urbanisation evolved from land development towards property development, which fundamentally altered the type of construction and its relationship with planning.These two changes resulted in an entirely different face to the urbanisation of the western outer ring, that of the green ring, of which Anderlecht is a model example.