par Meynart, Roland
Référence Applied optics, 24, 10, page (1448-1453)
Publication Publié, 1985-05
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : In speckle velocimetry, Young’s fringes observed during analysis of the multiple-exposure photographs of tracer particles seeding a fluid flow are embedded in a speckle noise that renders their analysis difficult. Some first- and second-order statistical properties of this speckle background are considered in this paper. A simple model shows that, because of the small and fluctuating number of scatterers contained in the probe, beam, the intensity fluctuations are enhanced, leading to a contrast greater than one. The same model also shows that the speckle grains are not completely independent because of the existence of long-range intensity correlations. © 1985 Optical Society of America.