Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Aim To assess the attitudes of gynecologists toward symptomatic fibroids and analyze which factors influence their choice of treatment. Material and method We surveyed the attitude of Belgian gynecologists toward patients’ cases. We used a vignette of a woman with symptomatic fibroids and modified 3 factors: her age, her parity and her desire for pregnancy, thereby establishing 12 different cases. We ensured that each gynecologist (n = 1437) received one case, chosen randomly, by email. The gynecologists were asked whether and how they would treat the patient. Results Replies were received from 337 gynecologists (a 23% response rate). Of the 337, 116 (34%) would prescribe a medical treatment only; in this group, 29% specified acetate ulipristal a selective progesterone receptor modulator (SPRM) and 27% indicated progestins. Of the sample of 337 responders, another 116 (34%) would begin with medical treatment (70% an SPRM) and then proceed to surgery. Of the 337 gynecologists, 75 (22%) would perform surgery only. The preferred surgical treatments were myomectomy (53/75; 71%) and hysterectomy (19/75; 25%) when surgery was suggested as a first step, and myomectomy (91/115; 79%) and hysterectomy (18/115; 16%) when it was preceded by medical treatment. The choice of treatment varied significantly in relation to the 12 vignettes (p < 0.01). When we grouped the vignettes there was no significant variation in relation to age or parity, but a there was significant variation (p < 0.001) in relation to desire to achieve pregnancy. Conclusion We observed that, in women with symptomatic fibroids, the desire retain fertility is respected. Moreover, SPRM is increasingly used for symptomatic patients.