Résumé : Several groups have reported association between large CAG/CTG repeats in the genome and BP disorder using the Repeat Expansion Detection (RED) method. Molecular interpretation studies demonstrated that around 90% of the large CAG/CTG repeats detected by RED can by explained by repeat size at either the CTG18.1 or ERDA-1 locus. In this study we report the findings on a large European BP case-control sample analysed for these two frequently expanded repeats. The frequency of expanded alleles (> 40 repeats) at the CTG18.1 locus was significantly higher in the subgroup of patients with a more severe phenotype BPI and a positive first degree family history than in a group of matched controls (9% vs 5%). No difference in ERDA-1 expansion frequency was seen between BP cases and matched controls. We conclude that the ERDA-1 locus is not related to the BP phenotype while expanded alleles at the CTG18.1 locus cannot be excluded as a vulnerability factor for BP disorder.