Résumé : Background:This single-arm phase II study investigated the EGFR monoclonal antibody necitumumab plus modified FOLFOX6 (mFOLFOX6) in first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).Methods:Patients received 800-mg intravenous necitumumab (day 1; 2-week cycles), followed by oxaliplatin 85 mg m -2, folinic acid 400 mg m -2, and 5-fluorouracil (400 mg m -2 bolus then 2400 mg m -2 over 46 h). Radiographic evaluation was performed every 8 weeks until progression. Primary endpoint was objective response rate.Results:Forty-four patients were enrolled and treated. Objective response rate was 63.6% (95% confidence interval 47.8-77.6); complete response was observed in four patients; median duration of response was 10.0 months (7.0-16.0). Median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 22.5 (11.0-30.0) and 10.0 months (7.0-12.0), respectively. Clinical outcome was better in patients with KRAS exon 2 wild type (median OS 30.0 months (23.0-NA); median PFS 12.0 (8.0-20.0)), compared with KRAS exon 2 mutant tumours (median OS 7.0 months (5.0-37.0); median PFS 7.0 (4.0-18.0)). The most common grade ≥3 adverse events were neutropenia (29.5%), asthenia (27.3%), and rash (20.5%).Conclusion:First-line necitumumab+mFOLFOX6 was active with manageable toxicity in locally advanced or mCRC; additional evaluation of the impact of tumour RAS mutation status is warranted.