Résumé : The at-sea distribution of seabirds and marine mammals in the eastern Barents Sea was determined using standardized transect counts during three cruises of RV "Dalnie Zelentsy" (Murmansk) in late summer 1991, 1992 and 1993. Totals of 32,268 seabirds, 485 pinnipeds, 25 cetaceans and 4 polar bears were counted during 554 half-hour counts. Numbers were converted into densities, total biomass and calculated daily food intake. Mean total food intake in kg fresh weight/km2.day was 3.1 for the entire zone and all years; fish eaters dominated the whole region, with an intake of 1.3 (mainly Brünnich's guillemot, Uria lomvia, and harp seal, Phoca groenlandica), followed by zooplankton eaters (0.85, mainly fulmar, Fulmarus glacialis) and mixed zooplankton and fish feeders (0.75, mainly minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata, and kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla). Year-to-year variations were of little importance, while geographic differences were obvious between Norwegian coastal, Atlantic and Barents Sea water masses, both quantitatively and qualitatively (relative importance of main diets). Within each zone, a strong geographic heterogeneity was noted, with high local concentrations at fronts between water masses and at ice edges. © Springer-Verlag 1996.