Résumé : Objective: This open-label extension study evaluated the efficacy and safety of tamsulosin (0.4 mg as a modified release formulation) once daily in patients with benign prostatic enlargement, lower urinary tract symptoms and benign prostatic obstruction (symptomatic BPH) for up to 60 weeks. Methods: Patients were enrolled from two European, 12-week, placebo-controlled trials. This 60-week interim analysis includes the patients (n = 244) randomized to tamsulosin in the two placebo-controlled trials. Results: The significant improvements in the primary efficacy parameters, maximum urinary flow rate (Q(max)) and total Boyarsky symptom score, that were observed during the placebo-controlled trials, were sustained throughout the long-term extension study. Mean Q(max) improved from baseline (before initiation of tamsulosin) to endpoint by 13.7% (p < 0.001) and remained between 11.5 and 12 ml/s during the entire follow-up period. Total Boyarsky symptom score improved by 36.2% from baseline to endpoint (p < 0.001). Similarly, the percentage of treatment responders, defined as an increase in Q(max) of ≥30% or a decrease in total symptom score of ≥ 25%, remained constant throughout the 60-week period. At endpoint, 69% of patients demonstrated this clinically significant total Boyarsky symptom score response. During the 60-week study period, 51 patients (21%) experienced an adverse event considered to be possibly or probably related to study medication, the most common of which were dizziness and abnormal ejaculation, both occurring in 5% of patients. There were no clinically significant changes in blood pressure or pulse rate during the study. Conclusion: Long-term tamsulosin therapy is safe, well tolerated and improvements in urinary flow and symptoms are maintained for at least 60 weeks of treatment.