Résumé : The human pancreatic tumour cell line PSN1/ADR, stepwise selected in 17-510 nM doxorubicin, displayed a multidrug resistance not conferred by P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Resistance to 17-51 nM doxorubicin was accompanied by overexpression of the vesicular marker lung resistance-related protein (LRP). Further selection in 170 nM doxorubicin led to the activation of multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) and to the development of drug accumulation/retention defects sensitive to verapamil. In addition, these defects were reversible by the vesicular traffic inhibitors brefeldin A, fluoroaluminate and nocodazole. In contrast, in human ovarian H134AD cells that are resistant to 1700 nM doxorubicin and used as P-gp-positive controls, the drug efflux was inhibited only by verapamil. The tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein was a potent blocker of doxorubicin efflux in the PSN1/ADR cells but showed no activity in the H134AD cells. The doxorubicin cytotoxicity in the PSN1/ADR cells was enhanced both by verapamil and brefeldin A, whereas in the parental PSN1 cells they demonstrated the opposite effects, being respectively sensitising and protecting. The P-gp-negative PSN1/ADR cells adapted to 510 nM doxorubicin retained brafeldin A-sensitive doxorubicin accumulation defects while MRP declined. The persistence of brefeldin A-responsive phenotype on the background of variable MRP expression suggests this agent as a useful functional probe for non-P-gp-mediated resistance to plasma-achievable doxorubicin concentrations.