Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : We report the case of a young patient native of the Ivory Coast who suffered from homozygous hemoglobin C disease. He presented with the usual findings of this hemoglobinopathy: a moderate hemolytic anemia and a massive, painful and even disabling splenomegaly. Pain completely disappeared following splenectomy. However, postoperative course was complicated by portal venous thrombosis, which was medically treated. No deficiency of natural coagulation inhibitors could be demonstrated, so splenectomy was the only factor predisposing to thrombosis. We consider that in only very few cases of hemoglobin C disease splenectomy (preceded by prophylactic antipneumococcic vaccine) may be indicated from pain and risk of spontaneous splenic rupture.