par Lubansu, Alphonse
Référence Neuro-chirurgie, 56, 1, page (14-22)
Publication Publié, 2010-02
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Background and purpose: As in many other surgical fields, new minimally invasive techniques have been developed over the past 20 years, with reducing the muscular trauma associated with the traditional surgical approach and reducing related morbidity as the main goals. Initially limited to the laparoscopic or video-assisted approaches of the anterior spine, these techniques have been extended to the posterior transmuscular access of the lumbar spine. This article reviews the value of these approaches in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spine disorders. Methods: We describe the main techniques used in minimally invasive lumbar spine surgery, including posterior pedicle screwing as well as anterior (ALIF), posterior (PLIF), transforaminal (TLIF), extreme lateral (XLIf), and presacral (AxiaLIF) interbody fusion. The results of recently published series are reported. Results: Percutaneous pedicle screwing is reported to be an effective technique of lumbar spine arthrodesis associated with a low rate of screw misplacement. Minimally invasive PLIF, TLIF, and ALIF have been associated with shorter mean operative time, less postoperative pain, reduction of the estimated blood loss, a shorter hospital stay, and quicker functional recovery. Despite these encouraging early clinical results, no prospective, randomized published scientific study has proved that minimally invasive techniques are better than standard techniques. Larger clinical series with a longer follow-up could fill this gap. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS.