Résumé : Myocardial infarction remains a major healthcare problem. Reperfusion therapy has been shown to influence favourably short- and long-term patient survival. The authors reviewed the data of early recognition of STEMI (ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction), the reperfusion modalities including a flowchart management, as proposed by the Belgian working groups (BIWAC and BWGIC), and the lessons learned from European and American registries. Primary PCI often remains the treatment of choice. A national policy is still required to implement the guidelines and improve clinical practice for our STEMI patients.