par Muluwa, Joseph Koni;Ndong, Hugues Calixte Eyi;Degreef, Jérôme ;Bostoen, Koen
Référence Annalen - Koninklijk Museum voor Midden-Afrika. Menselijke wetenschappen, 19, page (109-135)
Publication Publié, 2013
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : This articlc discusscs the vocabulary relating to four hundred mushroom specimens representative of 29 edible taxa, collected from two pygmy communities in Gabon, the Baka and the Bakoya. This specific myconymic vocabulary in Koya (a Bantu language) and Baka (an Ubangi language) designating the same mushroom species is analysed on the formal and semantic levels. The linguistic analysis reveals the lexical strategics used by the two forest-based populations to designate the mushrooms they consume, as well as the underlying semantic motivations and cognitive mechanisms. The study also shows that Koya and Baka share no myconym, which could have indicated the existence of an original pygmy language lost in favour of borrowed Bantu and Ubangi languages.