par Leistedt, Samuel ;Linkowski, Paul
Référence European neuropsychopharmacology, 23, 1, page (55-62)
Publication Publié, 2013-01
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Depression is a heterogeneous disorder with a highly variable course. Individual responses to treatment are inconsistent, and an established mechanism remains elusive. The classical hypothesis of depression posits that mood disorders are caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain that can be corrected with antidepressant drugs. However, recent evidence indicates that information-processing dysfunction within neural networks might underlie depression, and antidepressant drugs induce plastic changes in neuronal connectivity that gradually lead to improvements in neuronal information processing and recovery. This review presents the major current approaches to understanding the biological mechanisms of major depression, with a focus on complex brain networks. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP.