Résumé : Mount Ross is the youngest, ~1-0.1 Ma, volcanic edifice recognized in the Kerguelen Archipelago, which is located on the northern part of the submarine Kerguelen Plateau. Lava types range from basaltic trachyandesite to trachyte and extensive glaciation has exposed an intrusive core ranging from gabbro to syenite. Mount Ross rocks are not as silica undersaturated as the basanite to phonolite Upper Miocene lavas erupted in the Southeast Province of the archipelago; however, both lava suites are characterized by relatively high 87Sr/86Sr (0.7051-0.7054 and 0.7054-0.7058, respectively) and low 206Pb/204Pb (18.02-18.14 and 18.06-18.27, respectively). The abundant trachytes and phonolites in the age range from Lower Miocene to Pleistocene on the Kerguelen Archipelago indicate that the supply of basaltic magma has been low for the last 20 m.y. Despite the prolonged time period required for extensive mineral fractionation, there is no evidence for assimilation of geochemically distinctive lithosphere; i.e. most of the trachytes and syenites have initial isotopic ratios within the narrow range of the more mafic rocks. Volcanic and plutonic rocks of diverse composition and age (~0.1-30 Ma) in the Kerguelen Archipelago have similar initial isotopic ratios; consequently, we infer that the Kerguelen plume is characterized by 87Sr/86Sr = 0.7051-0.7058, 143Nd/144Nd = 0.51263-0.51249 and 206Pb/204Pb = 18.02-18.27.