Résumé : After ovarian stimulation with clomiphene citrate combined with human menopausal gonadotropin for in vitro fertilization, the appearance of a spontaneous luteinizing hormone (LH) surge before fulfillment of the minimal criteria of follicular maturity (at least one follicle > 19 mm and serum estradiol [E2] > 400 pg/ml/follicle > 17 mm) is associated with reduced pregnancy rates. In these cases, follicles are smaller and serum E2 values are lower at the time of the LH surge. Oocyte recovery rate is reduced, embryonic anucleate fragments are more frequently observed, and the level of luteal progesterone on day 4 after oocyte retrieval is lower. Hyperandrogenic patients are more prone to display such premature spontaneous LH surge. We concluded that in case of an untimely LH rise, laparoscopy for oocyte retrieval should be cancelled.