par Demulder, Anne
Référence Revue médicale de Bruxelles, 26, SPEC. ISS., page (Sp 27-Sp 30)
Publication Publié, 2005
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Pediatric venous thromboembolism is a multifactorial disorder with an annual incidence of 1/100.000 patients (0-18 years). The presence of central venous catheters is a major trigger for development of venous thrombosis, especially in neonates. As a consequence, thrombosis in the upper extremities are much more frequent in children than in adults. Congenital prothrombotic disorders may play a role in children thrombosis, often in combination with several acquired risk factors like immobilization, serious illness and/or hospitalization. Diagnosis is most frequently made by non-invasive radiologic techniques, like ultrasonography. Prophylaxis and treatment are extrapolated from adult patient protocols or small observational studies performed in small groups of patients.