Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Objectives: To determine accuracy, precision, and smallest detectable difference for a three-dimensional (3D) video motion analysis system specifically configured for measuring small and slow displacements within a small measurement volume (0 7 x 0 5 x 0 3m). Design: Repeated measurements with random sequence of conditions. Setting: Rehabilitation research laboratory. Intervention: A reference sliding device was used to control cyclic displacements of two reflective markers over 5 calibrated ranges (l, 3, 10, 30, and 60mm). Nine cycles were performed for each of 9 conditions (3 directions x 3 zones). Four cameras recorded all trials on tapes, which were digitized with a Kinemetrix system. Main Outcome Measures: Change in distance of the moving markers relative to a third static marker was averaged over 50 frames per trial. Mean error, mean absolute error, and intertrial and intratrial standard deviations (SDs) were calculated for each zone and direction. Results: For 810 trials, mean error and absolute error were, respectively, 034mm and 094 mm. The mean intertrial and intratrial SDs and 99% confidence interval were .047mm (CI = ± 121mm) and 030mm (CI = ± .077mm). The corresponding smallest detectable differences were .171 mm and 109 mm. Conclusion: Motion analysis configured for registration within small volumes allows measurement of minuscule displacements with great accuracy and may therefore be suitable for many applications in rehabilitation research other than gait analysis.