par Harfi, Issam ;Sariban, Eric
Référence Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1070, page (322-329)
Publication Publié, 2006-07
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The neuropeptide pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating protein (PACAP) acts via the G protein-coupled receptor vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)/PACAP receptor-1 to induce phospholipase C (PLC)/calcium and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-dependent proinflammatory activities in human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs). In this article, we evaluate other mechanisms that regulate PACAP-evoked calcium transients, the nature of the calcium sources, and the role of calcium in proinflammatory activities. Reduction in the activity of PMNs to respond to PACAP was observed after cell exposure to inhibitors of the cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA), protein kinase C (PKC), and PI3K pathways, to pertussis toxin (PTX), genistein, and after chelation of intracellular calcium or after extracellular calcium depletion. Mobilization of intracellular calcium stores was based on the fact that PACAP-associated calcium transient was decreased after exposure to (a) thapsigargin (Tg), (b) xestospongin C (XeC), and (c) the protonophore carbonyl cyanide 4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenylhydrazone; inhibition of calcium increase by calcium channel blockers, by nifedipine and verapamil, indicated that PACAP was also acting on calcium influx. Such mobilization was not dependent on a functional actin cytoskeleton. Homologous desensitization with nanomoles of PACAP concentration and heterologous receptors desensibilization by G protein-coupled receptor agonists were observed. Intracellular calcium depletion modulated PACAP-associated ERK but not p38 phosphorylation; in contrast, extracellular calcium depletion modulated PACAP-associated p38 but not ERK phosphorylation. In PACAP-treated PMNs, reactive oxygen species production and CD11b membrane upregulation in contrast to lactoferrin release were dependent on both intra- and extracellular calcium, whereas matrix metalloproteinase-9 release was unaffected by extracellular calcium depletion. These data indicate that both extracellular and intracellular calcium play key roles in PACAP proinflammatory activities. © 2006 New York Academy of Sciences.