par Scolletta, Sabino;Donadello, Katia ;Santonocito, Cristina;Franchi, Federico;Taccone, Fabio
Référence Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology, 5, 6, page (687-699)
Publication Publié, 2012-11
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Cardiac arrest (CA) is a major health and economic problem. Management of patients resuscitated from CA is challenging for clinicians, and the mortality rate of those who achieve return of spontaneous circulation remains high. Hypoxic brain injury, cardiovascular abnormalities and systemic ischemia/reperfusion response characterize the so-called 'postcardiac arrest syndrome', which could lead to multiple organ failure and poor outcome after CA. The magnitude of these disorders differs in individual patients, mainly based on the cause and duration of CA and on the severity of the ischemic episode. Prognostication of outcome after CA is of importance because it could help physicians on triage decisions and readdress the overall management. A number of factors are thought to influence the prognosis of patients after CA, but due to the heterogeneity of CA population and scenarios no single factor has been identified as a reliable predictor of outcome and the timing and optimal approach to prognostication is still controversial. Biomarkers represent a growing area of interest in this field, as they may provide clinicians with early information on the severity of organ dysfunction to make a decision on clinical strategies and prognosticate outcome. In this article, the authors will focus on cardiac, neurological and inflammatory biomarkers as potential predictors of outcome after CA.