Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Diagnosis of non-functioning pituitary adenoma is generally posted when there is a compression of the ophthalmic nerve or when a hypopituitarism occurred. Surgery will be the first treatment but complete removal can be achieved in less than 50% of the patients. In the great majority of the patients, there is a recurrence and a new treatment is proposed. The question is when we must treat a residue after surgery. We performed a retrospective study reviewing a series of 111 patients with a non-functioning pituitary adenoma. All patients had a pre- and post-operative MRI (1.5 T). A statistical analysis was done to determine the influence of the resection, the age of the patient on the recurrence. A complete removal was achieved for 45 patients and 11 of these present a recurrence. 39 patients out of 66 patients who had a partial removal presented also a recurrence. The mean age of the population is 53 years. The statistical analysis demonstrates that patients with a complete removal had less recurrence. Patient with an age below 60 years had more frequently a recurrence compared with older than 60 years old. In conclusion, treatment for non-functioning pituitary adenoma is a transsphenoidal approach surgery. A complete surgery must be the aim of the neurosurgeon. And when a residue is present, a secondary treatment must be given for patient with an age below 60 years old like radiosurgery or radiation therapy.