Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Inspiratory and expiratory tidal volume, peak and plateau airway pressure, compliance of the respiratory system, pressure-volume and flow-volume loops were monitored continuously and recorded in seven women undergoing laparoscopy with carbon dioxide insufflation to an intra-abdominal pressure of 1.6 kPa. All patients were anaesthetised using a total intravenous technique and a constant minute ventilation was maintained. Peak airway and plateau airway pressures increased by 50% and 81% respectively, whilst the compliance of the respiratory system decreased by 47% during the period of increased intra-abdominal pressure. Following release of the pneumoperitoneum, peak and plateau pressures remained elevated by 37% and 27% respectively, and the compliance was 86% of the pre-insufflation value. On-line monitoring of respiratory volumes, pressures and compliance may be helpful during general anaesthesia for laparoscopic procedures to avoid the potential harmful effects of increased airway pressures occurring with increased intra-abdominal pressure.