Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : In chromatographic columns, when the eluting strength of the sample solvent is larger than that of the carrier liquid, a deformation of the analyte zone occurs because its frontal part moves at a relatively high velocity due to a low retention factor in the sample solvent while the rear part of the analyte zone is more retained in the carrier liquid and hence moves at a lower velocity. The influence of this solvent strength effect on the separation of analytes is studied here theoretically using a mass balance model describing the spatio-temporal evolution of the eluent, the sample solvent and the analyte. The viscosity of the sample solvent and carrier fluid is supposed to be the same (i.e. no viscous fingering effects are taken into account). A linear isotherm adsorption with a retention factor depending upon the local concentration of the liquid phase is considered. The governing equations are numerically solved by using a Fourier spectral method and parametric studies are performed to analyze the effect of various governing parameters on the dispersion and skewness of the analyte zone. The distortion of this zone is found to depend strongly on the difference in eluting strength between the mobile phase and the sample solvent as well as on the sample volume. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.