Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : We analyze the dependency and the accuracy of the refocusing criterion based on the integrated modulus amplitude in the case of amplitude object. Analytical dependencies on the defocus distance and the numerical aperture are found. This theoretical prediction for the refocusing criterion is well supported by simulation. We study also the robustness of the refocusing criterion by adding salt and pepper and speckle-type noises. We demonstrate that the refocusing criterion is robust up to an significant level of noise that can perturb the holograms. © 2011 Optical Society of America.