par David, Quentin Max ;Janiak, Alexandre ;Wasmer, Etienne
Référence Journal of urban economics, 68, 2, page (191-204)
Publication Publié, 2010
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : In the North of Europe, club membership is higher than in the South, but the frequency of contacts with friends, relatives and neighbors is lower. We link this fact to another one: the low geographical mobility rates in the South of Europe relative to the North.To interpret these facts, we build a model of local social capital and mobility. Investing in local ties is rational when workers do not expect to move to another region. We find that observationally close individuals may take different paths characterized by high local social capital, low mobility and high unemployment, vs. low social capital, high propensity to move and higher employment probability. Employment protection reinforces the accumulation of local social capital and thus reduces mobility.European data supports the theory: within a country and at the individual level, more social capital is associated with lower mobility. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.