Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Over the past 10 years there has been a significant increase in the armamentarium of agents available for use in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). Among these new agents are two monoclonal antibodies targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR): cetuximab, a mouse-human chimeric monoclonal antibody, and panitumumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody. Both are approved as monotherapy for the treatment of chemotherapy-refractory advanced CRC. Cetuximab is also indicated for use in combination with irinotecan. Here, we review 10 reports of phase II and III clinical studies of patients treated with panitumumab or cetuximab monotherapy. The clinical trials demonstrate similar efficacy profiles for advanced CRC patients treated with panitumumab and cetuximab monotherapy, with some differences in their adverse event profiles. In addition, the recent results of retrospective tumor KRAS gene mutational analyses in CRC patients treated with anti-EGFR monotherapy are reviewed. Data from the clinical trials reviewed here clearly demonstrate that anti-EGFR monotherapy is an effective treatment modality for patients with chemotherapy-refractory advanced CRC.