par Morais, Jose
Référence Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, page (1-22)
Publication A Paraître, 2018
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : It is argued that literacy and democracy interact in dynamic reciprocity. Their mutual influences may be either positive or negative: they are negative when literacy, unequally distributed, is reduced to mere skills (even if these are highly sophisticated), rather than conducive to free, argumentative and critical thinking, inspired by humanist values. Furthermore, in the case of pseudo-democracy, when elections said to be free replace well-informed public debate and collective decision-making, as well as the people’s control over such decisions. The development of a democratic intentionality is claimed to be the key to reversing the current tendency to a negative dynamic. The paper also describes and discusses the historical development and present situation of literacy and democracy worldwide, their impact throughout human history and, at an individual level, the impact of literacy acquisition/development on the mind and brain.