par Elskens, Marc ;Penninckx, Michel
Référence European journal of biochemistry / FEBS, 231, 3, page (667-672)
Publication Publié, 1995-08
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Previous in vivo investigations have shown that glutathione reductase is one of the sites of action of the dithiocarbamate fungicide tetramethylthiuram disulphide (thiram) in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The inactivation of glutathione reductase by thiram has now been demonstrated in vitro. This inactivation was time-dependent and occurred only with the enzyme in the reduced state and in the absence of glutathione. Since the turnover rate of the enzyme with thiram as a substrate was significantly higher than the rate of enzyme inactivation, it was suggested that more than one enzyme-inhibitor complex was involved in the reaction. Arguments supporting a covalent modification of glutathione reductase were further obtained by experiments carried out with [14C]thiram and gel filtration. A kinetic scheme for the inactivation is proposed and the relevance of the in vitro data to previous in vivo studies is discussed taking into consideration current concepts of glutathione reductase inactivation by affinity reagents.