Résumé : Twenty structural genes and two unique anonymous DNA fragments have been mapped in the rat (Rattus norvegicus) with a panel of mouse x rat hybrids and linkage analysis. Ten of the 20 autosomes are represented by at least one of these markers. A new syntenic relationship among rat Chromosome (Chr) 16, mouse Chr 14, and human Chr 10q was established. Results of this study further support the extensive conservation of synteny between the rat and mouse and, to a lesser degree, between rat and human.