Résumé : Twelve loci have been assigned to rat chromosome 5: aldolase B (ALDOB), atrial natriuretic factor (ANF = pronatriodilatin, PND), D4RP1, DSI1, galactosyltransferase (GGTB2), glucose transporter (GLUT1), interferon alpha 1 and related interferon alpha (INFA), interferon beta (INFB), lymphocyte-specific protein-tyrosine kinase (LCK), oncogene MOS, alpha 2U-globulin (major urinary protein, MUP), and orosomucoid (ORM, also called alpha 1-acid glycoprotein, AGP). Among these, the interferon alpha and beta genes map in the q22-23 region, which also contains a transformation suppressor gene (SAI1). The other loci reside outside this region. This study also indicated that the rat genome contains 2 LCK genes, unlike the human and murine genomes. These new assignments on rat chromosome 5 demonstrate that this chromosome is highly homologous to mouse chromosome 4 and carries synteny groups conserved on human chromosome 9 (interferon alpha and beta, galactosyltransferase, orosomucoid, and aldolase B genes) and on the short arm of human chromosome 1 (MYCL, glucose transporter, protein kinase LCK, and atrial natriuretic factor genes).