par Devos, Yannick ;Vrydaghs, Luc ;Degraeve, Ann;Laurent, Christine ;Modrie, Sylvianne
Référence Congrès International d’Archéologie Médiévale & Moderne.(4: Paris), On the Road Again. L’Europe en mouvement., 4e Congrès International d’Archéologie Médiévale & Moderne. Medieval Europe Paris 2007
Publication Publié, 2007
Publication dans des actes
Résumé : The actual Brussels’ landscape is the result of a progressing anthropisation and urbanisation. In order to clarify these transformations we developed a research protocol involving archaeopedology, micro-archaeology and archaeobotany. With the exception of a botanical sequence from the lower part of the city, indicating the presence of a forest at least until the Roman period, the oldest palaeoenvironmental evidence for the centre of Brussels dates from the 10th-13th centuries. During this period we observe profound modifications of the environment ensuing from human activities. As such, we have observed deforestation, agriculture, herding, quarrying and soil extraction. These activities induce changes in the topography, provoke pollution and change the soil cover and the outlook of the landscape. The construction of the first city wall indicates the end of the pre-urban period and the reorganisation of the area.