par Menestrina, G;Cabiaux, Véronique ;Tejuca, M
Référence Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 254, 1, page (174-180)
Publication Publié, 1999-01
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Attenuated total reflection (ATR) Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to investigate the secondary structure of two pore-forming cytolysins from the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus and their interaction with lipid membranes. Frequency component analysis of the amide I' band indicated that these peptides are composed predominantly of beta structure, comprising 44-50% beta-sheet, 18-20% beta-turn, 12-15% alpha-helix, and 19-22% random coil. Upon interaction with lipid membranes a slight increase in the alpha-helical and beta-sheet structures was observed with a concomitant decrease of the unordered structure. Polarisation experiments indicated that both toxins had some disordering effect on the lipid layers. The dichroic ratio of the alpha-helical component of the membrane-bound toxin was 3.0-3.3, indicating that this element was oriented with an angle of 38 degrees-42 degrees with respect to the normal to the plane of the crystal surface, thus resulting almost parallel to the mean direction of the lipid chains.