par Kruse, Norbert ;Chenakin, Sergiy
Référence Applied catalysis. A, General, 391, 1-2, page (367)
Publication Publié, 2010-05-16
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was employed to study the surface composition and electronic structure of Au/TiO2 catalysts in comparison with TiO2 (anatase) and to reveal time-dependent X-ray irradiation damage of the samples. The occurrence of Au nano-sized particles on a TiO2 support was found to result in a slight shift of Ti 2p core-level spectrum and in changes of the valence band and X-ray induced Auger spectra, compared to TiO2-only. It was shown that for different means of energy referencing the charge-corrected Au 4f7/2 binding energy in Au/TiO2 catalysts was 0.15–0.45 eV lower than that in pure bulk Au. Exposure to X-rays of Au/TiO2 catalysts and pure TiO2 caused a reduction of Ti 4+ oxidation state and desorption of oxygen from the surface. As a result, the surface chemical composition and electronic structure of the samples changed with time. The X-ray irradiation affected charge transfer processes in Au/TiO2 so that the pattern of X-ray induced damage in the Au-based catalyst turned out to be quite different from that in TiO2, with some characteristics displaying the very opposite features. Decreasing of the Au 4f7/2 binding energy and concurrent increasing of the fraction of Ti3+ species observed in the beginning of X-ray irradiation of Au/TiO2 may be taken as direct evidence for charge transfer from oxygen vacancies created by irradiation to Au particles.