par Marseguerra, Marzio;Zio, Enrico;Devooght, Jacques ;Labeau, Pierre-Etienne
Référence Mathematics and computers in simulation, 47, 2-5, page (371-382)
Publication Publié, 1998
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The methodologies employed in the probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) of hazardous engineering systems have reached a high level of maturity. However, a few issues are still worth of further investigation in order to increase the confidence in the results obtained. In this view, in the past 5-10 years, researchers in the field of reliability have proposed a more 'dynamic' approach to PSA with the aim of addressing issues concerning the possible mutual interactions between the hardware system states and the plant physical evolution. Nonetheless, some objections have been raised against such a dynamic approach, especially against its practical complexity and the lack of a clear definition of the domain of its applicability. In this paper, an attempt to define more precisely the field of application for a dynamic approach is propounded on the basis of the concept of accident duration. The qualitative discussion is supported with examples of postulated severe accidents in nuclear power plants like those investigated in level-2 PSA. The application of Monte Carlo simulation as a tool capable, in principle, of handling all the features of dynamic PSA is illustrated. Monte Carlo algorithms are illustrated aiming at improving the stochastic part of the analysis and the deterministic integration as well, so as to allow for a considerable reduction in the computation times.