par Howell, Peter;Scheid, Benoît ;Stone, Howard H. A.
Référence Journal of fluid mechanics, 659, page (1-23)
Publication Publié, 2010
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : We study the axisymmetric stretching of a thin sheet of viscous fluid driven by a centrifugal body force. Time-dependent simulations show that the sheet radius R(t) tends to infinity in finite time. As time t approaches the critical time t∗, the sheet becomes partitioned into a very thin central region and a relatively thick rim. A net momentum and mass balance in the rim leads to a prediction for the sheet radius near the singularity that agrees with the numerical simulations. By asymptotically matching the dynamics of the sheet with the rim, we find that the thickness h in the central region is described by a similarity solution of the second kind, with h ∝ (t∗ − t )^α where the exponent α satisfies a nonlinear eigenvalue problem. Finally, for non-zero surface tension, we find that the exponent increases rapidly to infinity at a critical value of the rotational Bond number B = 1/4. For B > 1/4, surface tension defeats the centrifugal force, causing the sheet to retract rather than to stretch, with the limiting behaviour described by a similarity solution of the first kind.