Résumé : The current WHO classification places glioblastomas in the astrocytoma category. However, whether or not glioblastomas also show oligodendroglial differentiation remains a matter of controversy. This study investigates, at the morphonuclear level, the hypothesis that some glioblastomas (GBMs) may also represent the ultimate level of malignancy in the oligodendroglial lineage. Using a series of 164 GBMs, we sought to ascertain whether any of these GBMs exhibited phenotypical characteristics that were more closely related to oligodendroglial lineages than astrocytic lineages. Phenotypical features were quantitatively determined by means of the computer-assisted microscope analysis of Feulgen-stained nuclei, a process that made it possible to quantitatively describe the patterns of the cell nuclei (and, more specifically, of their chromatin) through 16 variables, and the distribution of the nuclear DNA content (DNA ploidy) through 8 variables. The phenotypical characteristics typical of astrocytic and oligodendroglial tumors were analyzed by means of Discriminant Analysis, a statistical multivariate analysis, performed on a series of 65 astrocytic and oligodendroglial tumors. This series consisted of 14 WHO grade II and 19 grade III astrocytomas and 24 WHO grade II and 8 grade III oligodendrogliomas. This multivariate analysis enabled an accurate model to be produced that distinguished between astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas on the basis of 5 cytometry-generated variables. This model was used to characterize the phenotype of each of the 164 glioblastomas. The results show that of these 164 glioblastomas, 6 (about 3.5%) displayed phenotypes that were very similar to oligodendrogliomas, and 141 displayed phenotypes that were very similar to astrocytomas. The phenotypes of the 17 remaining GBMs were too ambiguous to be categorized as having a pure astrocytic or oligodendroglial lineage.