Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : We have previously reported that (i) progression of malignancy in patients bearing astrocytic tumors correlates with increased tumor levels of galectin-1; (ii) in vitro addition of purified galectin-1 to U87 human glioblastoma cells enhances tumor cell motility; and (iii) conversely, knocking down galectin-1 expression in this cell line by stable transfection with antisense galectin-1 mRNA impairs motility and delays mortality after their intracranial grafting to nude mice. We here used cDNA microarray analysis to compare the effect on gene expression of stable transfection with antisense galectin-1 vector to mock-transfected and wild-type cells. Among the 631 spots probing genes potentially involved in cancer that were valid for analysis on all the arrays the expression of 86 genes was increased at least 2-fold. Confirmation of increased protein levels was provided by immunocytochemistry for p21waf/cip1, cullin-2, p53, ADAM-15, and MAP-2. Major differences in the expression patterns of ADAM-15 and the actin stress fiber organization were also observed. U87 cells stably deficient for galectin-1 expression were significantly less motile than control. We conclude that the stable inhibition of galectin-1 expression alters the expression of a number of genes that either directly or indirectly influence adhesion, motility and invasion of human glioblastoma cells.