Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Religious syncretism in Amazonian cultures raises special problems. The analysis leads to distinct social and cultural fields, with dubious interconnections and boundaries. But Lévi-Strauss's notion of "bricolage" could be an efficient tool, if used without biased reluctance about history and social change. In the case of Ashéninka people, what appears then is a dual process. Long- and short-term syncretic changes are deeply working on the successive discrepancies of divine figures, divine roles, and shamanism, while the ontological background, which is quite inconsistent with ours, remains impressively steady.