par Balestra, Costantino ;Duchateau, Jacques ;Hainaut, Karl
Référence Electroencephalography and clinical neurophysiology, 85, page (46-52)
Publication Publié, 1992
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The effects of fatigue on the electromyographic (EMG) reflex activities were compared during sustained voluntary contractions and contractions evoked by electrical stimulation (30 Hz) in the human first dorsal interosseus (FDI). Short latency (SL), medium latency (ML) and long latency (LL) reflex responses to a ramp-and-hold stretch of the muscle were recorded and analysed in 27 healthy subjects of both sexes. The amplitude of the reflex components was normalized as function of the amplitude of the surface action potential (SAP) recorded in response to the supramaximal stimulation of the motor nerve. The results indicate that for a similar reduction of force, SL and ML are significantly reduced after fatigue induced by voluntary contractions but they are not when the fatigue test is performed by electrical stimulation at the motor point. In voluntary fatigue experiments, the LL component showed no significant decrease below control values, but an enhancement was observed during electrically evoked contraction. This enhancement remained above control values for at least 15 min during the recovery period, whereas SL and ML decreases returned to control within 5 min after the fatigue tests. The electrical stimulation applied to the skin overlying the FDI at an intensity lower than the motor threshold did not affect SL and ML, but enhanced LL for about 15 min. On the contrary, the anaesthesia of the skin overlying the FDI induced a decrease in LL without significant change of SL and ML. It is concluded that muscle reflex fatigue is present during sustained voluntary contractions and decreases SL and ML responses to quick stretches.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)