Résumé : The synthesis of specific protein has been investigated in primary cultures of dog thyroid epithelial cells, which can be induced to progress into G1 phase, in the presence of insulin, by different types of mitogens: thyrotropin (TSH) acting through cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), epidermal growth factor (EGF), 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA), or 10% serum. EGF, TPA, or serum specifically induce [35S] methionine labeling of protein 1 (Mr approximately 80,000). The effect of EGF on protein 1 labeling and DNA replication is dependent on insulin. The level of protein 1 labeling as well as that of DNA synthesis is higher when TSH or TSH + serum are added together with EGF. It peaks in mid-G1. TSH alone, in the presence of insulin, stimulates DNA replication without inducing protein 1 synthesis, which thus represents a cell-cycle-dependent event that is not obligatory in mitogenic activation through cyclic AMP. Among the eight proteins whose synthesis is stimulated by TSH, only the labeling of protein 7, molecular weight ratio (Mr approximately 38,000), correlates with the DNA synthetic activity of the cells. The present authors identified protein 7 as cyclin/proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), the auxiliary protein of DNA polymerase-delta. The effect of TSH on cyclin synthesis is already detectable when most of the cells are in late G1, but its stimulation by EGF or EGF + serum is delayed and detected only after extending the labeling period to the S-phase. These data support the view that the cAMP-mediated mitogenic pathway remains partly distinct from the better known pathways induced by growth factors and tumor promoters, even at late stages of the G1-phase.