Résumé : We study Cross Phase Modulational Instability (CPMI) -a particular form of vector modulational instability- in the anomalous dispersion regime in highly birefringent, strongly dispersive optical fibers. When the pump power is high, the detuning of the Scalar Modulational Instability (SMI) is comparable to the detuning of the CPMI. The gain of the CPMI -which is usually much smaller than the gain of the SMI-, is then strongly enhanced and becomes much larger than the gain of the SMI. This theoretical prediction is well verified experimentally using small core photonic crystal fibers.