Résumé : Objectives: Universal screening for meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) entails additional costs, and there is no consensus for targeted screening for high-risk units. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of MRSA in geriatric care units, and to identify the factors associated with MRSA colonization on admission. Methods: This retrospective case–control study (1:1) in the geriatric care unit of six Belgian hospitals covered the period from 1st January 2021 to 31st December 2022. Cases were patients with a positive MRSA screening result within 48 h of admission to the geriatric care unit, and controls were patients with a negative screening result. Results: In total, 556 patients were included in this study (278 in each group). Prevalence per 100 admissions for the total sample was 2.3 [95% confidence interval (CI) 2.2–2.6]. Significant multi-variate factors associated with MRSA carriage on admission were: history of MRSA, nursing home origin, and chronic skin lesions. Applying these three factors would give an area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of 0.73 (95% CI 0.71–0.77), and would allow screening to be carried out in only 55.4% of cases (95% CI 51.2–59.6%). Conclusions: Using these factors as screening criteria in geriatric care units could significantly reduce the number of patients screened for MRSA, while maintaining satisfactory sensitivity and specificity.