Résumé : This study compares the readout-segmented echo-planar imaging (rsEPI) from the conventional single-shot EPI (ssEPI) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for the discrimination of patients with clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) within the peripheral zone (PZ) using apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps and pathology report from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted biopsy. We queried a retrospective monocentric database of patients with targeted biopsy. csPCa patients were defined as an International Society of Urological Pathology grade group ≥ 2. Group-level analyses and diagnostic accuracy of mean ADC values (ADCmean) within the tumor volume were assessed from Kruskal–Wallis tests and receiving operating characteristic curves, respectively. Areas under the curve (AUC) and optimal cut-off values were calculated. 159 patients (105 rsEPI, 54 ssEPI; mean age ± standard deviation: 65 ± 8 years) with 3T DWI, PZ lesions and targeted biopsy were selected. Both DWI sequences showed significantly lower ADCmean values for patients with csPCa. The rsEPI sequence better discriminates patients with csPCa (AUCrsEPI = 0.84, AUCssEPI = 0.68, p < 0.05) with an optimal cut-off value of 1232 μm2/s associated with a sensitivity–specificity of 97%-63%. Our study showed that the rsEPI DWI sequence enhances the discrimination of patients with csPCa.